Carriers of the Falklands War
Laid down in 1944, the Hermes was the Flagship of the Falklands Task Force, and was of Centaur class. She was equipped with an angled flight deck and in 1971, reequipped as a commando carrier and then an interim V/STOL carrier. Once the second Invincible class carrier entered service in 1986, she was sold to the Indian Navy and is now then INS Viraat.
The Invincible was designed as a 'through-deck cruiser', not an aircraft carrier. Before the advent of the Sea Harrier, she was envisaged as a helicopter carrier to fulfil the Royal navy's commitment to the Nato ASW role in the north Atlantic and without the Sea Harrier would have been unable to take part in the Falklands war, without catapults and a suitably large deck, she could not operate conventional aircraft. Weighing in at 19,500 tons she is a light carrier in all but name. The addition of the ski-jump ramp gave the carrier the ability to operate the Sea Harrier with useful warloads. Prior to the Falklands, the Government had already made up its mind to sell the Invincible off, it changed its mind after the war.